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What Are the Major Fields of Law?

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There are many different fields of law. For nearly any issue that arises which causes damage to a person’s health, well-being, property, or reputation, a legal field is in place to protect their rights. While each case is different, there are a few different categories that cases fall into. First, there are pre-litigation cases. These types of cases are typically resolved before a trial or court hearing.

This can be accomplished by negotiating a settlement between parties through mediation. Next, there are cases that go into litigation. Litigation refers to the process of handling disputes within the court system. This process involves a court ruling by a judge and filing petitions, summons, and other legal documents. Complex litigation refers to more intricate cases within the court system that involve multiple parties and jurisdictions or large sums of money.

Health Law


Health law encompasses state, local, and federal regulations applied to providers, vendors, and payers in the health care industry. In other words, health law has jurisdiction over the relationships between people who provide health care services and people who receive them. Legal health care issues can be complicated, lengthy, and expensive.

For someone experiencing a legal issue regarding health care, it is best to seek a law firm with years of experience and a history of handling notable cases. For example, attorneys like Howard Fensterman of Abrams, Fensterman, Eisman, Formato, Ferrara, Wolf, and Carone, LLP specialize in complex litigation cases.

Human Rights Law


Human rights law refers to the government’s obligations to set forth equal everyday rights to all citizens. Human rights encompass the fundamental freedoms that belong to every person, like fairness, equality, and independence. Any instances of discrimination or unfair treatment on the grounds of racial, ethnic, or cultural biases fall under the jurisdiction of human rights law.

Someone who has experienced a violation of their rights should seek an attorney with a history of compassion and empathy. A notable attorney specializing in human rights, labour law, and other complex litigation is Malliha Wilson of Nava Wilson LLP. Attorney Wilson specializes in indigenous rights and has a long history of involvement with the Ontario Government, serving as a special legal advisor before becoming a senior partner at her current law firm.

Personal Injury Law


Personal injury is one of the most well-known areas of law. This is because many people find themselves dealing with a matter of personal injury at a given point in their lives. Personal injury law is the type of law that protects people from excessive financial damages when they are involved in a car accident, slip and fall, or any kind of injury.

Usually, this type of injury arises as a result of another party’s negligence. Personal injury cases typically resolve in the pre-litigation stage through a settlement. However, if traumatic injuries occur or the parties are unable to reach an agreement, the case will move into the litigation stage.

Worker’s Compensation Law


Worker’s compensation cases arise when a person sustains an injury while at work. Worker’s compensation is an essential field of law because it ensures the rights of workers are protected. Most employers have a health care and insurance plan to address workplace injuries, but it is important to file a worker’s compensation claim to obtain proper documentation of the incident. Even minor injuries can turn into more severe issues in the long run; documentation provides proof that medical bills should not fall on the injury victim.

Knowing about the major fields of law can be helpful for several reasons. If you have been involved in an incident that has caused you pain, suffering, or financial issues, you may be entitled to compensation. An experienced attorney can ensure your rights remain protected, as well as defend you from any exorbitant expenses or unfair treatment.